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Monthly Miles Driven & Economic Contraction

  • Written by Syndicated Publisher 1 Comment1 Comment Comments
    October 26, 2011

    The Depart of Transportation’s Federal Highway Commission has released the latest report on Traffic Volume Trends, data through August. Travel on all roads and streets declined by -1.7% (-4.6 billion vehicle miles) for August 2011 as compared with August 2010 (PDF report).

    Here is a chart that illustrates this data series from its inception in 1970. I’m plotting the “Moving 12-Month Total on ALL Roads,” as the DOT terms it. See Figure 1 in the PDF report, which charts the data from 1986. My start date is 1971 because I’m encorporating all the available data from the DOT spreadsheets.


    The rolling 12-month miles driven contracted from its all-time high for 39 months during the stagflation of the late 1970s to early 1980s, a double-dip recession era. The current dip has lasted for 44 months and counting — a new record.

    The Population-Adjusted Reality

    Total Miles Driven, however, is one of those metrics that must be adjusted for population growth to provide the most revealing analysis, especially if we’re trying to understand the historical context. We can do a quick per-capita adjustment of the data using an appropriate population group as the divisor. I use the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Civilian Noninstitutional Population Age 16 and Over (FRED seriesCNP16OV). The next chart incorporates that adjustment with the growth shown on the vertical axis as the percent change from 1971.

    Clearly, when we adjust for population growth, the Miles-Driven metric takes on a darker look. The nominal 39-month dip that began in May 1979 grows to 61 months, slightly more than five years. The trough was a 6% decline from the previous peak.

    The population-adjusted all-time high dates from June 2005. That’s 74 months — over six years. And since the latest data is the lowest reading since the all-time high, the best we can hope for is that August “might” have been the trough. Our per-capita miles driven based on the age 16-and-older population is about where we were as a nation in April 1997.

    From DOT: Monthly Miles Driven.
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